Another Pleistocene Survivor–The Bird-Voiced Tree Frog (Hyla avivoca)

I discovered a new creature in my yard.  Green tree frogs (Hyla cinerea) are abundant here and often sneak into our house, but I was unaware that my yard is also home to the bird-voiced tree frog until I saw the below specimen in my cat’s water dish.  I saw another one a few weeks later.  Most of the time they stay in the tree tops and that is probably why I’d never seen one before, though maybe they had a good few years of reproduction and are on the increase at my locality.  Bird-voiced tree frogs can be green or gray, depending upon the temperature.

Bird-voiced tree frog.

Video of a bird-voiced tree frog call.

Bird-voiced tree frogs have an interesting range distribution.  They likely diverged from their closest living relatives in the Mississippi River Valley and dispersed across Alabama and Georgia.  Their preferred habitat is swampy bottomland forest, and during warm climate cycles this type of habitat is common in the southeast.  The habitat in my yard is a sandhill loblolly pine/sand laurel oak woodland, but McBean Creek bottomland is just about a mile away.  Bird-voiced tree frogs are absent from peninsular Florida.  They may have occurred in peninsular Florida in the past but were extirpated when most of the state was under ocean during marine high stands.

Species Profile: Bird-voiced Treefrog (Hyla avivoca) | SREL ...

Bird-voiced tree frog range map.

I searched the paleobiology database and learned no fossils of this species have ever been found.  A small animal that lives in a forest has a lesser chance of becoming preserved as a fossil.  Leaves turn the soil acid, dissolving bones.  As far as I can determine, no genetic studies of bird-voiced tree frogs have ever been conducted.  It is an understudied species.

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